Bengaluru, a city in India, on August 22nd.
ISRO’s third Moon mission Chandrayaan-3’s Lander Module (LM) will land on the Moon’s surface on Wednesday evening. India wants to be the first country to reach the unexplored south pole of the Moon.
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Students from Allahabad Central University created a sand sculpture at the Sangam in Prayagraj. They made the sculpture to wish for the successful landing of Chandrayaan-3. PTI Photo (Picture)
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The LM, which includes a lander named Vikram and a rover named Pragyan, is set to land near the Moon’s south pole at 6:04 pm on Wednesday.
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Chandrayaan-3 mission is going as planned. Systems are being checked regularly. Everything is going smoothly. The Mission Operations Complex is bustling with energy and excitement. The live broadcast of the landing operations at MOX/ISTRAC starts at 17:20 Hrs. The link shown in the text is a picture on the website “https://t. co/Ucfg9HAvrY”
ISRO posted a tweet on August 22, 2023.
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The Chandrayaan-3 landing will be shown on TV on the DD National channel and other news channels. The event will also be shown live on ISRO’s official website at isro. govThe event will be streamed on ISRO’s YouTube channel and Facebook page.
If the Chandrayaan-3 mission successfully lands a robotic rover on the moon, India will be the fourth country to achieve this after the US, China, and the former Soviet Union.
17 Minutes of terror.
ISRO announced that the Chandrayaan-3 mission is still on schedule, a day before it is set to land.
The space agency said the Mission Operations Complex (MOX), which is located at the ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) here, is very busy and full of energy and excitement.
The plan is going as planned. The systems are being checked regularly. ISRO said that everything is going well and there are no problems. They also mentioned that the live show of the landing will start at 5:20 pm on Wednesday.
The Director of ISRO’s Space Applications Centre, Nilesh Desai, said that if there is a problem with the lander module on August 23, they will postpone the landing until August 27.
The process of landing softly on the moon is very important and is often called “17 minutes of terror” by ISRO officials. During this process, the lander has to do everything on its own, like starting its engines at the correct times and altitudes, using the right amount of fuel, and looking for any obstacles or hills or craters on the moon’s surface before finally landing.
ISRO will upload commands to the LM from its Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) to prepare for landing. This will be done a few hours before the scheduled landing time.
According to ISRO officials, when the lander gets to about 30 km above the moon, it starts to slow down and descend using its four thruster engines. It does this by firing them in the opposite direction to gradually slow down and safely land on the moon’s surface. This is done to make sure that the lander doesn’t hit the ground too hard because the Moon’s gravity will also affect it.
They mentioned that when the lander reaches 6. 8 km high, it will only use two engines and turn off the other two. This will help the lander slow down as it goes down. Once it gets to about 150-100 meters high, the lander will use its sensors and cameras to look at the ground and see if there are any obstacles. Then it will start going down slowly to land softly.
After the gentle landing, the rover will come down from the lander’s belly and onto the Moon’s surface. It will do this by using one of its side panels as a ramp.
The lander can gently land on the moon at a specific spot and release the rover. The rover will then study the moon’s surface and analyze its chemicals while it moves around. The spacecraft and the vehicle on the moon have tools to perform scientific tests on the moon’s surface.
The lander and rover will only work for about 14 earth days to study the area on the moon. However, officials from ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) do not completely dismiss the chance of these objects becoming active again during another day on the moon.
The South Pole mission is going to the South Pole.
Scientists are studying the south pole region of the Moon because there might be water in areas that never get sunlight.
The LM has instruments called RAMBHA-LP, ChaSTE, and ILSA. RAMBHA-LP measures the density and changes of plasma ions and electrons near the surface. ChaSTE measures the heat properties of the lunar surface near the polar region. ILSA measures seismic activity around the landing site and the structure of the lunar crust and mantle.
The rover, after landing gently, would move down from the lander module and examine the moon’s surface using APXS – a special tool that can tell us what chemicals are there and what minerals make up the surface. This will help us learn more about the moon.
The rover also has another tool called Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) to figure out what elements make up the lunar soil and rocks near the landing area on the Moon.
Before it lands on the moon as planned, Chandrayaan-3’s lander module (LM) has started talking to Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter, which is still going around the moon. The two-way contact allows ground controllers at MOX-Mission Operations Complex in Bengaluru to have more ways to communicate with Chandrayaan-3.